Saturday, September 27, 2014

(to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com)
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[the Digg and Youtube links below may no longer be functional]
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preamble:
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THIS IS A WARNING TO SOCIETY REGARDING NATUROPATHY BULLSHIT,
because naturopathy is an unethical sectarian pseudoscience
-- a positively antiscience position, a menace to the
public understanding of science; and the 'professions-stringency
ethical status' of medicine --
posing as
professionals-level, modern, scientific, primary-care medicine.

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.[example: here's some of the best naturopathic bullshit {top shelf; scatologia extraordinarius}:
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Note, this jpg reads {see "UB Naturopathy's Destruction of Scientific Integrity / Destruction #02" below in "V. Appendices" for more concerning this UB jpg's woo-woo}:
"'today, as we enter the 21st century, more and more people are seeking just such a system of health care - a system based on the presept [sp., precept] of Vis Medicatrix Naturae / Only Nature Heals, a system of health care respectful of, and one which works in concert with, Natural Law, a system of health care recognizing the synthesis of body, mind and spirit, and a system that embraces holism but yet is grounded in reductionist science, and practiced in an evidence-based environment. In short, it is a system known today as Naturopathic Medicine [...] todays [punct., today's] Naturopathic Physician serves on the front line of health care as a Primary Care Physician, practicing scientific medicine.'
Note: naturopathy is stated as vitalism-based
[per their "vis medicatrix naturae:"
a blending of the natural and supernatural, all scientifically grounded & evidenced -- professional physician status 'scientific medicine.' This is bullshit! Or the Nobel Committee missed this one!!! [really, establishing a scientific-basis for what science cannot legitimately base would be REVOLUTIONARY {if it didn't sound so asinine}!!!]"; click to enlarge.]
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Just how much bullshit and antiscience?
{their requisite vitalism & kind, that they state is scientific fact}
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[quote 01:
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"Modern science has refuted vitalism by demonstrating
that the basic phenomena of life are entirely explainable
in purely physical and chemical terms. Thus life,
in turn, has come to be seen as a manifestation
of matter [p.219]."


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-- Christian de Duve (MD CUL, PhD CUL) {awarded the 1960 Francqui Prize for Biological and Medical Sciences, awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine:
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Note on the above quote: it's from de Duve's "Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning"
(2002)(ISBN 0195156056) ; the jpg is from amazon.com; click to enlarge.]
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[quote 02:
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"Vitalism was banished from science over a century
ago [...yet] vitalism is at the core of an array of
contemporary antiscience and antitechnology
movements [...truly, vitalism holds a position of]
'rejected' status in terms of
modern scientific knowledge [p.xvii]."
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-- Tomas R. DeGregori (Ph.D{economics} UT){Department of Economics, University of Houston}{his academic homepage, http://www.uh.edu/~trdegreg/}.
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Note on the above jpg & quote: this is from "Origins of the Organic Agriculture Debate"(2003) (ISBN 0813805139); the jpg is via books.google.com; click to enlarge.]
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[quote 03:
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"Mainstream science has rejected vitalism
since at least the 1930s, for a plethora of
good reasons that have only become
stronger with time [...] but these good
reasons are understood only by a
fraction of the populace."
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-- Alan D. Sokal (PhD{physics} Princeton) {Department of Physics, New York University}{his academic homepage, http://www.physics.nyu.edu/people/sokal.alan.html}.
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Note on the above quote: it's from "Archaeological Fantasies: How Pseudoarchaeology Misrepresents the Past and Misleads the Public" (2006) (ISBN 0415305934); the jpg is from amazon.com; click to enlarge.
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(also at "Pseudoscience and Postmodernism: Antagonists or Fellow Travelers?", click here {pdf isn't searchable},
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.[quote 04:
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"Vitalism: the now thoroughly refuted belief
in the existence of an occult invisible force
in living organisms responsible for the
manifestations of life in any living organism [p.225]."
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-- Ernst Mayr (PhD{biology} Univ. of Berlin) {for his wikipedia.com entry, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Mayr}.
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Note on the above quote: it's from "What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline" (2004) (ISBN 0521841143);
the jpg is my brief review from the book's amazon.com customer reviews page (
click here, http://www.amazon.com/review/R2G6D8BUS9UR8Q/ref=cm_cr_rdp_perm); click to enlarge.]
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.[quote 05:
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"Naturopathy is a pseudoscientific system
that purports to diagnose and treat disease;
indeed, its practitioners go so far as to refer to
themselves as naturopathic physicians. However,
the philosophic underpinnings, the educational
training, and the practice of naturopathy are far
removed from the evidence based scientific
treatment offered by medical doctors […] naturopathy
is rooted in […] vitalism, the belief that biological
processes are exempt from known physical and
chemical principles. Naturopaths rely on simplistic
theories to explain the causes of disease, which
they couch in modern terms so as to sound scientific,
but which are not supported by scientific study […]
naturopathy does not meet the modern standards
of scientific evidence and ethical patient care."
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-- Eva F. Briggs (MD{family medicine; emergency medicine} SUNY; a clinician homepage is available, at
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(for the article, click here,
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[comment: naturopathy's claim that the vitalistic -- their purposeful life spirit -- is scientific is even less scientific as the idea that 'the sun circles the Earth' -- the metaphysical, idealistic, teleological and supernatural 'aren't even wrong,' scientifically speaking because the idea that science grounds the nonscientific {like the supernatural and the scientifically ejected} IS PLAINLY SCIENTIFICALLY ILLITERATE, IRRATIONAL & INSANE. Naturopathy's destruction of the 'integrity of science' -- by posing what is profoundly nonscientific {vitalism} as scientific -- is a blatant violation of a primary precept of modern scientific medicine.]
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i. These are the fraudulent {a scan is below the CFI jpg, as a jpg}, and that's not merely my opinion --
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[Note, the above jpg states: "naturopathy is a fraudulent approach to medical causation, depending on the hypothetical 'life force' that supposedly guides healing. No life force has ever been detected, nor has any other supernatural force or being." {Hull, R.T. (PhD ?)}; click to enlarge.
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-- AANP-Alliance and University of Bridgeport labels that induced me into pursuing an ND at UB's UBCNM {their partner at that time was Yale University; e.g., I took NCS 614 "Public Health / Epidemiology" fall 1999 as a UBCNM student taught by Yale faculty Katz at Yale's medical school in New Haven and Hak at UB in Bridgeport; I was initially trained for UBCNM's required gynecology by Yale clinicians at a Yale clinical facility}, an FNPLA AANP AANMC CNME NPLEX NEASC etc. school, beginning in 1998 as I printed out in 1997 {per AANP-Alliance; March 03, 1997 to be exact, at 20:33:07 hours as the time-code on the hard copy indicates} and per the UB catalog of that same year {both of which, UB's 1997 catalog and AANP-Alliance's claims, are still in my possession}.
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[Note, for the citations that follow in this section with a '*': I'm referring to this AANP-Alliance document I printed in 1997 {immediately below}; this is a scan of the color hardcopy; this is what AANP-Alliance's 'science' 'not belief' claim of i.01.a1. & i.01.b1. looks like {the hardcopy has all the images that archive.org didn't store}; click to enlarge:
this AANP-Alliance document is permanently archived:
(for a scribd.com image, click here,
(for the first archive.org save in their collection {I was attending UB's ND by this link's time, 1999}, click here,
(for the archive.org history of this web page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
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(for an archived 2001 AANP page linking to the 2001 AANP-Alliance page {the Alliance homepage itself wasn't archived},
click here {per "Alliance For State Licensing"},
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(for UB's current homepage, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
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i.01. The false labels / false descriptors are {minimally}:
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i.01.a. That the essentially naturopathic is essentially of scientific status / survives modern scientific scrutiny [which is false, unless the Tooth Fairy, geocentricism, and phlogiston also survive modern scientific scrutiny!!!]:
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i.01.a1. AANP-Alliance's science label:
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"naturopathic physicians are the modern day science based primary care doctor"*
[which is false];
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[Note on above: from the AANP-Alliance 1997 document cited above; click to enlarge.
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Note on above: a Venn diagram of this claim, click to enlarge.]
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i.01.a2. The UB / UBCNM's 'naturopathy is essentially science' label / 'of science' / 'science knowledge type' claim / label:
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that naturopathy's principles survive modern 'scientific analysis, scientific scrutiny' / 'survive scientific advancement' / are 'science' [which is false];
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[Note on above: a scan of UB's 1997 graduate catalog, p.062; the 1st paragraph highlighted is their global 'the naturopathic is science' claim, the second paragraph is the beginning of their 'global / requisite vitalism-premised' principles; click to enlarge; UB's 1997 science language as stated above is: "the principles are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances" while their central principle is 'purposeful life spirit,' that science has discarded / that cannot survive scientific scrutiny!!!; and yet vitalism is their first principle, in the second highlighted paragraph!!!
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(for an aggregation of naturopathy's science claims, click here,
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i.01.b1. AANP-Alliance's 'not belief' claim:
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"naturopathic medicine [...] it is not a belief system"*
[which is false];
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[Note on above: from the aforementioned AANP-Alliance 1997 document; click to enlarge.
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Note on above: a Venn diagram of this claim; click to enlarge.]
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i.01.b2. UB / UBCNM's 'no specific sectic beliefs / sectic articles of faith required or imposed or contained'; expressed "freedom of thought / conscience / ideas; freedom of belief, or nonbelief" as opposed to "particular mandatory religious-type preferences:"
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'naturopathy, within UB, is non-sectarian, as all of UB'
[which is false];
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[Note, on the above: a scan of UB's 1997 graduate catalog p.002; the label of their requirements, contents, and outcomes is nonsectic / nonsectarian: "mission. The University of Bridgeport is an independent, non-sectarian, international institution of higher learning;" this non-sectarian mislabel is markedly pernicious in light of UB's 'traditional university professionals-level medical science' label -- when naturopathy is actually a nonscientific belief / sectic system posing as scientific; click to enlarge.
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Note: the above jpg states, "the College of Naturopathic Medicine is an integrated unit of the University of Bridgeport, a private, non-sectarian, comprehensive university."
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(for UB's current "non-sectarian" claims, including their mission statement and UBCNM description, click here,
(for the wikipedia entry on "freedom of conscience," click here,
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[comment on i.:
to recap: AANP-Alliance stated that naturopathy is globally / essentially "science-based" and "not a belief system;" UB / UBCNM stated naturopathy is globally / essentially contemporary and modern "science" / "scientific" and "nonsectarian" / 'not sectic.'
Definitively, though, naturopathy is a nonscientific BELIEF SYSTEM {centered around a science-ejected notion / belief-figment, their vitalistic 'purposeful life spirit' premise}. As Atwood states in "Naturopathy: A Critical Appraisal" {Medscape 12-30-2003}:
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Note, the above jpg states:
"naturopathic beliefs -- including those of 'naturopathic physicians' -- are rooted in vitalism, the pre-20th-century assertion that biological processes do not conform to universal physical and chemical principles [...per] healing power of nature;" click to enlarge.
(for this article, click here,
(this article's abstract is here,
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And the BELIEF called vitalism is profoundly SCIENCE-EJECTED:
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Note, the above jpg from the National Center For Science Education website, a position paper from the National Association of Biology Teachers, states:
"NABT will not support efforts to include in the science classroom materials or theories derived outside of the scientific processes. Nonscientific notions such as geocentricism, flat earth, creationism, young earth, astrology, psychic healing and vitalistic theory, therefore, cannot legitimately be taught, promoted, or condoned as science in the classroom;" click to enlarge.
(click here,
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ii. Those responsible for these misrepresentations / inaccuracies / delusions / falsehoods / fraudulent statements / stupidities / this racket etc.:
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ii.01. The constituents of the AANP-Alliance, as my printout indicates in 1997, were: Bastyr, NCNM, SCNM, and AANP:
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[Note on the above jpg: from the archived AANP-Alliance's site; click to enlarge.
(archived at
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The AANP's current members in terms of schools-cadre are {10-16-2007}:
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[Note, the above jpg reads: "Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges (AANMC) [...] Bastyr University (Kenmore, Washington), National College of Natural Medicine (Portland, Oregon), Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine (Tempe, Arizona), University of Bridgeport - College of Naturopathic Medicine (Bridgeport, Connecticut), Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (Toronto, Ontario), Boucher Institute of Naturopathic Medicine (New Westminister, British Columbia) [...] Council on Naturopathic Medical Education [...] NPLEX (Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examinations) [...] the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE)"; click to enlarge.
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Note, below is the non-schools-cadre AANP-type cabal, called the FNPLA
(described at http://www.fnpla.org/federation.htm), where they state:
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"welcome to the website for the Federation of Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Authorities. The federation is an organization of members of each state licensing board."
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Below is a list of each board (see http://www.fnpla.org/stateboards.htm){12-29-2007}:
{it should be kept in mind that the AANP-Alliance site was falsely stating naturopathy as "science" and "not a belief system" to legislatures / legislators / lawmakers, because that PAC group was designed for lawmakers to read and pass ND licensing laws under false descriptors!!! Does 'due diligence' mean anything these days? And, in my experience, a State government, like my own in CT, ignores all complaints in this matter -- so they are complicit in this racket.};
for the current PAC that states naturopathy is "state-of-the-art scientific," SCNM's NPAC, see this digg.com social bookmark, http://digg.com/general_sciences/Labeling_Naturopathy_Scientific_SCNM_s_NPAC_2006 ;
it should also be noted that below are '.gov' sites promoting an unethical, sectarian, pseudoscientific pseudoprofession! Profound legislative negligence.};
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"state boards: Alaska Department of Commerce & Economic Development, Division of Occupational Licensing, Naturopathic Section [at http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/occ/...]
Arizona Naturopathic Board of Medical Examiners [at http://www.npbomex.az.gov/...]
Connecticut Board of Naturopathic Examiners [at http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3121&q=389382...]
Hawaii Board of Examiners in Naturopathy [at http://www.hawaii.gov/dcca/areas/pvl/boards/naturopathy/...]
Maine Board of Complementary Health Care Providers [at http://www.maine.gov/pfr/professionallicensing/professions/complementary/index.htm...]
Montana Alternative Health Care Board [at http://mt.gov/dli/bsd/license/bsd_boards/ahc_board/board_page.asp...]
State of New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Board of Naturopathic Examiners [at http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/licertoccs/naturopa.htm...]
Oregon Board of Naturopathic Examiners [at http://www.obne.state.or.us/...]
Junta Examiadora de Doctores en Naturopathia Oficina de Regiamentacion y Certification Para Profesionales de La Salud [Puerto Rico...]
Vermont Office of the Secretary of State Office of Professional Regulation Naturopathic Physicians Advisors [at http://vtprofessionals.org/opr1/naturopaths/...]
Washington State Naturopathic Physician Licensing Program [at https://fortress.wa.gov/doh/hpqa1/hps7/naturopathy/default.htm...]
licensing authorities [...] American Association of Naturopathic Physicians [AANP at http://www.naturopathic.org/...]
Federation of Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Authorities [FNPLA at http://www.fnpla.org/Master_Frameset.htm...]
Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination Board (NPLEX) [see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturopathic_Physicians_Licensing_Examinations for claims that parts 1 & 2 are science...at]
North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) [at http://www.nabne.org]."].
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(also, letters of complaint requesting investigation have been sent to the USDE, NYSHESC, per 10-27-2007:
and USDE, per 07-01-2008:
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ii.02. UB, of course, contains UBCNM.
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iii. The labels of "science based" and "not a belief system" and 'not sectic' are fraudulent epistemically {false, as knowledge-type}: naturopathy -- as I experienced it, and as my continuing research indicates -- is based upon and REQUIRES / 'is essentially defined by' nonscientific or scientifically-ejected sectic 'articles of faith:'
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iii.01.a. the nonscientific sectic beliefs / premises of:
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iii.01.a1. a vitalistic, spiritistic, teleological central premise / explanation / and 'treatment frame' {the naturopathic homeopathic 'purposeful life spirit'(PLS) article of faith / sectic belief / treatment goal}[this entire system is based upon treating this mythical superstitious figment]:
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iii.01.a1a. - AANP luminary example:
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As [AANP-Alliance school-member] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine's president, chief executive officer, and naturopath / homeopath Paul Mittman (ND NCNM, DHANP AANP) [a graduate of AANP-Alliance member NCNM] indicates in "Naturopathic Medicine: This I Believe," naturopathy is essentially a vitalistic belief system:
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"I believe in the healing power of nature [...] this energy of life [...] this powerful, healing force in people [...] the vis medicatrix naturae – the healing power of nature [...] nearly every culture has a name for it — the Chinese call it chi, in India they refer to it as prana, the Japanese call it ki. Present when we are born and gone when we die, this animating force exists in every living plant and animal, including humans [...] the vis medicatrix naturae, the healing power of nature."
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iii.01.a1b. - an ANMA practitioner example:
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As naturopath Smolnik, J. (ND TCNM) indicates, naturopathy is essentially a spiritistic and a vitalistic belief system:


"the practice of naturopathy is based on the premise that the body is self-healing. There is a belief in a vital energy or life force beyond the physical realm [a metaphysical figment], although modern medicine [actually modern science, en masse] has not found a way to measure this energy [the same way science can't measure 'fairies under the garden' per mythical figments]. When there is an illness or disease, [naturopaths believe!] the life force has become blocked in its ability to self-heal. The task of the naturopath is to discover what may be the obstacles to healing. The obstacles are of a physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual nature."
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(for my large aggregation of such essential naturopathic vitalism, click here,
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iii.01.a1c. - naturopathy's classical homeopathic vitalism [to illustrate the AANP DHANP type classical homeopathy vitalism which is taught in AANMC schools]:
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[Note on above: an example of a naturopathy sectic 'article of faith' via Hahnemann's aphorisms, taught as 'holy writ' at UBCNM; click to enlarge. I employ this as an example of naturopathy's 'homeopathy terms' for 'purposeful life spirit,' as I was taught at UB, 'life' is 'an intelligent spiritual principle' that Hahnemann had several names for {these are translations from the original German}: "vital force," "animating, spirit-like power," "a spiritual power," "autocracy," "dynamis," and "spirit-like vital force."
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(from Hahnemann's 'Organon' 6th ed. c. 1833, a required text at UBCNM, see it at
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(for a general appraisal of homeopathy's sectic nature, see
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[Note: a primary belief-premise of homeopathy is that 'like cures like' {has no scientific merit, by the way}, and this is especially true of their 'remedy' characteristics: 'remedy spirit fixes patient's spiritual vital force.' This is why homeopathy remedies are diluted down into nothing; they are spiritized / made immaterial. This is known as sympathetic magic woo-woo. Ascribing a spirit to 'lifeliness' is one of the oldest superstitions mankind has erected, and is completely without scientific support. As regards the ethics of giving patients 'nothing labeled as something,' to quote Daniel Loxton from Skepticality's October 16, 2007 episode {because I can say it no better}: "[the] worthless homeopathic remedy [...it's] ethically loathsome: the sale of nothing at all presented as efficacious medicine makes my skin crawl [00.21.04]."
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(for that podcast episode, click here,
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[Note on above 2 jpgs: UB sectic vitalism per a scan of UB's 1997 graduate catalog p.218, 220 respectively; these homeopathy, TCM, and naturopathic philosophy courses were required, I've taken them; click to enlarge; UB's 1997 vitalism language is: "vitalism, the concept of vital force in health and disease [...] vitalism in therapeutic application [...] with an emphasis on vitalism [...] dynamism, and spiritual materialism [...] the basic philosophical concepts of vitalism."
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Also note, FNPLA's NPLEX in 2007 has merged homeopathy with the clinical sciences {I shit you not} that this 1997 UB catalog lists in the section just above the highlighted homeopathy section.
(for a youtube slideshow of said, "Science By Fiat," click here,
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iii.01.a2. - autoentheism [the sectic equation of PLS with 'god within oneself'; 'self-divination'}; naturopathy's overall belief-set as centered around 'the Vis,' a purposeful {teleological, 'intelligent'} / autoentheistic / divine 'life spirit' responsible for life, health, disease} {such a required, specific / sectic 'article of faith / theistic type' is NOT nonsectarian - duh}].
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iii.01.a2a. - University of Bridgeport autoentheism:
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I base this upon my firsthand classroom exposure to UB vitalistic autoentheism secticity: I was taught the 'essential to naturopathy' sectic concept that the human body is animated by 'god power within' in my first UBCNM semester, fall 1998 {this same material had been taught at UBCNM since the school had been established, two semesters prior in fall 1997} by J. Sensenig, ND of Hamden, CT -- first AANP President and founding UBCNM Dean:
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[Note, on the above jpgs {click to enlarge}:
UB's vitalistic autoentheism secticity {this is a subtype of theism, self-divinity} via a Dr. Sensenig 1998 handout for my first semester course PP511 - Naturopathic History of Philosophy {the quote is Hahnemann's, from his dumb-ass 200 year-old homeopathy tome 'The Organon'}:
Dr. Sensenig states in jpg01:
"the fundamental philosophical precepts of naturopathic medicine [...includes] vital force."
Dr. Sensenig states in jpg02:
"lecture #4 [...] vis medicatrix naturae = healing power of nature. Vis = energy, power, force or strength. Medicatrix = medical = healing. Naturae = nature. The body's own ability to heal. The body heals itself. Vital force - energy essential for life. Vital = pertaining to life or characteristic of life, essential for life. Vital force, innate, life principle, prana, bioplasmic energy. The God Power within you.
"The material organism without the vital force, is capable of no sensation, no self preservation; it derives all sensation and performs all functions of life solely by means of immaterial being (vital force), which animates the material organism in health and disease."
[this is dualism: vitalistic teleological theistic spiritism {via a priori belief} as opposed to science's mechanistic materialism {via a posteriori methodological naturalism}].
Dr. Sensenig states in jpg03:
"vitalistic [is] vital force [...] innate intelligence [...] that force or tendency which organizes and 'balances' the individual [...as opposed to] mechanistic [...per] life is explained by laws of physics, chemistry."
Dr. Sensenig states in jpg04:
"purpose of this class: to explore those natural laws, or fixed principles [dogmas] which govern health and disease. Fixed principles: A. vis medicatrix naturae / power healing nature. Healing power of nature [vital force]. B. laws of cure (Herring's [sp., Hering's] Rules). 1. symptoms disappear from the top down [...] inside out [...] from most important to the least important organs [...] in the reverse order of their occurrence [...] do no harm - work with the body's healing power [vital force], not against it."
[both A. and B. are completely imaginary figments; essential naturopathy, based upon the completely nonexistent].
Dr. Sensenig states in jpg05:
"unity of disease [...] all diseases are caused by one main factor which is transgression of natural laws [e.g., vital force...with disease due to] decreased vital force."]
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[comment: when is a sectic article of faith figment and the not-scientifically-supported -- e.g., 'purposeful life spirit,' 'bodies, minds, and spirits', & imagined healing patterns -- a 'natural law' and 'scientific fact'? Answer: in a fraudulent, pseudomedical, pseudoprofessional sect like naturopathy.]
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iii.01.a2b. - AANP-AANMC-FNPLA autoentheism:
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This is where AANP-FNPLA-AANMC etc. naturopathy is going, in terms of their sectic doctrines of vitalism and autoentheism [the below is to be published in the FNPLA's new textbook approximately slated for 2008-2009, intended to 'update' their Lindlahr early 1900s text I cite farther below]:
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.cover:
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.p.039:
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.p.040-041:
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Note on the above jpgs of the Foundations of Naturopathic Medicine Project of the FNPLA. These notes state:
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a) vitalism {'purposeful life spirit'} as essential to naturopathy per:
"James Sensenig, ND, Senior Editor. Faculty, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine. Founding Dean and Faculty, University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine [my instructor Fall 1998 at UBCNM!!!...] the concept of the vis medicatrix naturae (the healing power of nature) or the physics [sp., physis] and its clinical implications is central to the practice of naturopathic medicine [...] other terms such as vital force, vitality, simple substance, constructive force in nature, and dynamics [sp., dynamis], are historically used in naturopathic medicine. Similar terms are found in the indigenous healing traditions of most cultures including, prana, chi, life force and others [...yet, the] sciences of recent centuries has rejected the idea of a 'vital principle' at work in nature [p.023 {is there ANY DOUBT that vitalism is not of modern scientific status, by their own admission???...] philosophies of naturopathic medicine and of major world religions share beliefs that [...] life is based on a powerful invisible 'force' [{vitalism} is there any confusion now concerning the religious / nonscientific / essentially superstitious status of naturopathy?...] homeopathic leader Samuel Hahnemann articulated the centrality of spirit to health and healing in these paragraphs of The Organon: 'it is the disease-tuned life–force alone that brings forth diseases…the disappearance…of all disease manifestations…just as certainly involves the restoration of the integrity of the life principle and…necessarily presupposes the return of the health of the entire organism (#12); symptoms are the outward reflection of the suffering of the life force (#7); in the healthy human state the spirit-like life force that enlivens the material organism as dynamis, governs without restriction and keeps all parts of the organism in admirable, harmonious, vital operation, as regards both feelings and functions, so that our indwelling rational spirit can freely avail itself of this living, healthy instrument for the higher purposes of our existence (#9).' [FNMP notes] Similarly, world religions all teach beliefs, practices, and behavioral guidelines for establishing and restoring harmony within/between people, making them ‘healthy instruments’ in service of the higher purposes.' [Back to Hahnemann] 'The material organism…produces its life functions solely by means of the life principle, the life force that enlivens the material organism in health and in disease (#10); when a person falls ill, it is initially only this spirit-like, autonomic life-force (life principle), everywhere present in the organism, that is mistuned…to abnormality, inducing the irregular functions we call disease (#11); the only way the medical-arts practitioner can remove diseases …is by the spirit-like tunement-altering energies of the serviceable medicines acting upon our spirit-like life force (#16)'";
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b) autoentheism {equation of PLS with the divine / god / godly}:
"vis is similar to what most religions consider as god/life force."]
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(for the source of this FNPLA naturopathic vitalistic autoentheistic secticity:
(click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
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(for a youtube.com slideshow of naturopathy's autoentheism, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this video slideshow, click here,
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.[who they are, pictorially:
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Dr. Sensenig, therein, states something very revealing about just what naturopathy is all about:
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"a medical dictionary I have that was written in 1865 defines the vis medicatrix naturae; vis being force, medicatrix meaning medicine or healing, and naturae being nature. It is defined thusly: ‘a power supposed to preside over the living body and to possess the faculty of resisting, to a certain extent the effects of disease and restoring health.’ In vitalism, it is argued that there is this invisible, immeasurable force called the ‘vital force.’ In Dorland’s Medical Dictionary, it is stated that ‘vitalism is the opinion that a force neither chemical nor physiological is responsible for life.’ The materialist, of course, holds that the tendency towards balance and organization can be explained from a purely mechanistic point of view. The other night in a conversation with the editors, Leanna Standish raised a great question – 'is there a transcendent domain of organization that creates a self organizing principle of living organisms and systems?' In other words, do we have to invoke this transcendent reality to explain the phenomena of orderliness and restoration in living systems, or can it be explained simply through the behavior of physical [p.010] matter? This is probably the question of all time. This is where science and religion have parted company [p.011]." Naturopathy, of course, is blending science (methodological naturalism, mechanistic materialism etc.) with religion (beliefs, articles of faith, sectic figments) and then mislabeling the whole thing scientific nonbelief. What sophistic bullshit.
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It should also be noted, regarding the above Unified Health Journal jpg, that NDs Zeff and Snider were the 'co-chairs' who oversaw establishment of the scientifically fraudulent 'modern' definition of naturopathy, per:
a. Bastyr University at http://www.bastyrcenter.org/content/view/113/ , where Bastyr states:
"AANP Position Paper, 1989 Snider P., Zeff J., Co-Chairs: Select Committee on the Definition of Naturopathic Medicine AANP House of Delegates, Rippling River, Oregon."
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b. and editors Robson, T. (ND NCC) & Pizzorno, J. (ND NCNM) {Pizzorno of the above jpg} in "An Introduction to Complementary Medicine" {2004, ISBN 1741140544 - search it at books.google.com}, that reproduces the contents and claims of the 1989 position paper in a chapter written by NDs Myers, Hunter, Snider & Zeff:
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.p.049:
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Note, the above jpg from Robson & Pizzorno states, in part:
"naturopathic medicine [...is a] science [...our] principles [including vitalism & spiritism] are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in light of scientific advances [p.049]."
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iii.01.a2c. - Lindlahr's autoentheism, vitalism, spiritism woo-woo:
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.[some deep background on naturopathy's ideas via Lindlahr:
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Note: the above jpg of my fall 1998 syllabus for Sensenig's class PP511 states Lindlahr's "Philosophy of Natural Therapeutics" {ISBN 0766183831} was required as 1 of 2 primary texts:
"texts & syllabi: required: Lindlahr, Henry. Philosophy of Natural Therapeutics [...] Kent, James Tyler. Lectures on Homeopathic Philosophy [...also recommended] Lindlahr [...] Natural Therapeutics's - Vol. II: Practice [...] Spitler [...] Basic Naturopathy [...] Coulter [...] Divided Legacy: A History of the Schism in Medical Thought."
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.this is that Lindlahr, p.023:
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Note: the above jpg states:
"what is life? [...] there are two prevalent but widely different conceptions of the nature of life [...] the material and the vital [that is, immaterial...per] electric, magnetic, and physiochemical [that is, the scientific / physicalistic...versus] the vitalistic conception of life [...per] vital force [which is a science-ejected metaphysical-vitalistic-teleological-supernatural-spiritistic concept of 'purposeful life spirit!'...]",
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.Note: the above jpg states:
"[vital force, the] primary force of all forces, coming from the great central source of all life [...] which permeates, heats and animates the entire created universe [...this] expression of divine intelligence and will [...] the 'word' of the great creative intelligence [...] the divine energy which sets in motion the whirls in the ether, the electric corpuscles that make up the atoms and elements of matter [...] intelligent energy [...from] the will and intelligence of the creator [...] as Swedenborg expresses it [J.T. Kent was also 'of Swedenborg'], of 'the great central sun of the universe' [...] this supreme intelligence [...] crude matter, instead of being the source of all life [...]",
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.p.024:
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.Note: the above jpg states:
"[is] but an expression of the life force, itself a manifestation of the great creative intelligence [...aka] god [...] nature, the oversoul, brahma, prana, the great spirit, etc. [...] this supreme intelligence and power [...] the true healer, the vis medicatrix naturae [...] 'the healer within' [...] we must be as obedient to the laws of matter as to those of the higher planes of being."
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iii.01.a3. NONE of these sectarian / sectic ideas {vitalism, teleology, spiritism, autoentheism, metaphysical-holism etc.} are scientifically supported [the scientific and the profoundly nonscientific are by definition vastly different kinds of knowledge, per 'a tremendous epistemic divide']:
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[Note on above: a Venn diagram, click to enlarge.]
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.[a quote from 1889,
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Note on the above jpg, it states: "science is never sectarian; philosophy is never sectarian. Sectarian teaching begins when you ask a man or a child to assume what cannot be proved, for the sake of keeping within the dogmatic lines that fence some particular creed.” What should be noted foremost about FNPLA UBCNM AANMC AANP-Alliance etc. naturopathy is that their 'sectic dogma' has been HUGELY SCIENCE-EJECTED for decades: vitalism, spiritism, autoentheism, teleology etc. are without doubt nonscientific.
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-- Popular Science Monthly, vol. xxxvi, 11-1889, p.122. (free full-text available at books.google.com, as this is out-of-copyright).
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(for my aggregation of 'vitalism is nonscientific,' see http://novfsinscience.blogspot.com/)
(for the American Physical Society's position on epistemic conflation, see this youtube slideshow,
(for the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly's 2007 position on epistemic conflation, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this {PACE position}, click here,
(for a youtube.com slideshow of this {PACE position}, click here,
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iv. Fraud: {aka naturopathy's 'epistemic conflation moronic fantasy'} naturopathy's 'purposeful life spirit vitalism' and 'vitalisitic autoentheism' -- supernatural and paranormal sectic premises {amongst other nonscientific explanations} if ever there were such -- are the cornerstone of FNPLA AANP UBCNM AANMC etc. {e.g. AANP Alliance} naturopathy's 'obligatory & essential naturopathic principles philosophy.' These premises are upheld as truth and are presented as scientific fact without any scientific support / evidence {more to the point, they are scientifically-ejected or unscienceable}. In that sense therein, they are truly sectic articles of faith masqueraded as scientific fact. In that sense, therein, naturopathy is, in fact, an unethical, sectarian / sectic, nonscientific, pseudoscientific nonprofessional BELIEF SYSTEM {an unethical sectarian pseudoscience}, and therein, a menace to the public's understanding of science [minimally; and there's no f*cking way I can behave in such a manner -- I left UBCNM / FNPLA naturopathy due to the fraudulent position it would have put me in].
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.[.gov promotion of sectarian medicine:
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Note, on above: the State of Oregon's Oregon Board of Naturopathic Examiners states that naturopathy's vitalistic belief system survives scientific scrutiny, in full '.gov' regalia {I shit you not}; specifically, OBNE states naturopathy's "life force" disease premise is "in fact" "scientific" as UB does; this is a profound falsehood, akin to stating that 'an article of faith' {take your pick} 'Tooth Fairy caliber-premise' that has been scientifically ejected FOR SEVERAL DECADES is a scientific fact!; this is the premier "10 Fraudulent Years On" fraud; OBNE's 10-2007 language above, in part, is: "naturopathic physicians (N.D.) are primary care practitioners trained as specialist [sp., specialists] in natural medicine. They are educated in conventional medical sciences [...] methods of treatments are chosen to work with the patient’s vital force, respecting the intelligence of the natural healing process. The practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis. It is these principles that distinguish the profession from other medical approaches [...] the healing process is ordered and intelligent; nature heals through the response of the life force. The physician’s role is to facilitate and augment this process [...] the process of healing includes the generation of symptoms, which are, in fact, an expression of the life force attempting to heal itself." But, SINCE WHEN IS THE SCIENTIFICALLY DISCARDED FOR DECADES -- VITALISM, of whatever sectic stripe; supernaturalism, of whatever sectic stripe -- OBJECTIVELY OBSERVED? AND HOW DOES VITALISM SURVIVE SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS IN 2007 WHEN IT HAS BEEN PROFOUNDLY SCIENTIFICALLY DISCARDED FOR DECADES? Question: how is something {the scientific} the same as something it is fundamentally different from {the nonscientific}? Answer: when you're inside naturopathy's unprofessional epistemic conflation nonsense and irrationality; this is not medical-professions-level science, this isn't even freshman level college introductory science; click to enlarge.
(for the above jpgs' live website, click here,
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Note on above 2 jpgs: OBNE further states: "license questions [...] call the Oregon Board of Naturopathic Examiners (OBNE) [...] you can also request NABNE send scores from your NPLEX Basic Science and Clinical Science exams. These things are required to take the Oregon exams [...] you can also request NABNE send scores from your NPLEX Basic Science and Clinical Science exams." Science, science, science; including homeopathy on those clinical science exams. The is 'the State' endorsing and promoting sectic pseudoscience.
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(for the above jpgs' live website, click here,
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[comment, as a recap of i-iv: UBCNM and all of FNPLA naturopathy defines naturopathy based upon the sectic notion of 'purposeful life spirit autoentheism,' which is what 'vis medicatrix naturae / healing power of nature' essentially is to them {this idea is as scientific as the Tooth Fairy}. Simultaneously, they label naturopathy globally / essentially as 'a branch of medical science.' But, rationally speaking, that which is essentially / profoundly outside of science / not science-based is not therein legitimately scientific or science based, including naturopathy's essential secticity: vitalism, spiritism, teleology, and autoentheism {amongst other nonevidenced premises}. Such specific 'factual claims' not based upon evidence -- generally speaking supernatural, theistic, idealistic, metaphysical and paranormal in type; required of a degree labeled nonsectarian, 'not a belief system,' and scientific / science / science-based -- are specific / sectic articles of faith: sectarian. To claim that which is profoundly not scientific as scientific is WRONG. Medicine is supposed to live up to the highest standards of professions-level ethical conduct. Misleading and miseducating society is unethical -- it's a menace to the public understanding of science. Stating the profoundly nonscientific is scientific is pseudoscience. Historically, medical systems that are 'sectic article of faith-based' / 'nonscientific in fundamental premise' -- as naturopathy is, NOW -- are termed "sectarian medicine." To claim that which is profoundly sectarian is nonsectarian is WRONG.
(regarding medical sects, see this Western Journal of Medicine 1936 article,
(for medicine's ethical covenant with society, click here,
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v. Appendices:
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v.01. See, at UB:
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.[1, naturopathy labeled "primary care physician practicing scientific medicine" {the claim of current modern contemporary science and primary care physicianship professionalism}; click to enlarge:
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Note, on the above jpg: this states, "today's naturopathic physician serves on the front line of health care as a primary care physician, practicing scientific medicine."
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(for this UB 'current global / essential label of naturopathy as scientific medicine,' see
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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.[2, UB's claim of scientifically "in fact" "life force;" click to enlarge:
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Note 01, on these two jpgs {'viz' should be 'vis', by the way}: they state, "six guiding principles. Guiding principle #1. The healing power of nature. Viz medicatrix naturae [...] the healing process is ordered and intelligent; nature heals through the response of the life force" and "guiding principle #3. First do no harm. Viz primum no nocere: illness is a purposeful process of the organism. The process of healing includes the generation of symptoms which are, in fact, and expression of the life force." Note 02: when an educational organization claims falsely that a grossly scientifically unsupported 'article of faith' status item / figment / superstition is 'in fact scientific by modern standards / professions-level medical science standards,' something really really crooked is going on {they have violated their contract with society, this is the naturopathy racket}; additionally, and very importantly, the result is a gross violation of the civil and human rights of an individual, since a choice -- to believe or not believe a sectic faith item per inalienable ''freedom of conscience,' is not allowed by decree when that item is stated falsely as obligatory objective scientific fact -- similar to a decree from on high by a theocratic oligarchy.
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(for this UB 'current simultaneous global / essential vitalism,' see
(for the archive.org history of these pages, click here,
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.[3, UB's 2006-2008 catalog labeling of naturopathy per "vitalistic medicine" & "vital force"; click to enlarge:
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Note, on this jpg: it states, "Principles and Practice 512 [...] vitalistic medicine in the United states as an influence on the creation of the naturopathic profession will be discussed" and ""Principles and Practice 522 [...] students will gain an important perspective of the vital force and its role in the healing process, when used in conjunction with naturopathic principles."
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(for this UB 'current UBCNM catalog 2006-2008 essential / global vitalism' [p.291, lower right corner], see
(for someone's publicly accessible version of the syllabus for this course per Sensenig 2005, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this Sensenig 2005 syllabus, click here,
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.[4, UB's web page label of "non-sectarian"; click to enlarge:
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Note, on the above jpg: it states, "the College of Naturopathic Medicine is an integrated unit of the University of Bridgeport, a private, non-sectarian, comprehensive university." Since when is sectic narrowmindedness 'university comprehensive'?
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(for this UB 'current labeling of UBCNM as globally / essentially nonsectarian,' see
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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v.02. Naturopathy as positively antiscience: naturopathy's destruction of scientific integrity:
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v.02.a. Positively antiscience: FNPLA naturopathy's destruction of scientific integrity {the destruction of the standards of science; particularly, the standards of testability, falsifiability, empirical evidence and parsimonious thinking; naturopathic medicine claiming that which is profoundly not within science / the scientific is located within the scientific / science-based}; epistemic conflation {the inane blending of divergent knowledge type}:
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[destruction #01: NCNM's claim that 'the profoundly nonscientific' {purposeful life spirit} 'is scientific' {science has ejected vitalism, teleology, supernaturalism etc.}:
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NCNM's current epistemically fraudulent "science based vitalistic" 'epistemic conflation nonsense' at Peterson's {I regard this entry as an epitome of 'a menace to the public understanding of science'}; click to enlarge.
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Note, on the above jpg: this states, "founded in 1956, National College of Natural Medicine [NCNM] is the oldest programmatically accredited naturopathic medical college in North America. As such, it has been the heart of the profession [the trunk of the naturopathic tree, so to speak...] the N.D. degree program is an intense four-year graduate program that prepares students to become naturopathic physicians. Naturopathic medicine is a science-based, vitalistic philosophy [nonsense alert!] and practice rooted in the principle vis medicatrix naturae, the healing power of nature ['purposeful life spirit'...] students pursue a vitalistically grounded [nonsense alert! imaginary figments are not grounded!] and rigorous academic clinical program." Bullshit alert: stating that the vitalistic is science-based is like stating that Santa Claus or the Tooth Fairy is science-based; to be vitalistically grounded means to be grounded in the imaginary. Superstition is not science, scientific, or science-based; it is as grounded as the Cloud-Cuckoo Land of Aristophanes; click to enlarge.
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[destruction #02: Bastyr's claim that 'the profoundly nonscientific {'purposeful life spirit' & the 'supernatural spiritistic'} is scientific' {hearkening back to medieval thought, when science was a part of philosophy which was a part of religion! but, modern science epistemically delineates, it does not support or contain these naturopathy supernaturalisms / 'articles of faith:' 'purposeful life spirit,' supernatural spiritism superstitions}:
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Note on above jpg: Bastyr's current epistemically fraudulent 'epistemic conflation nonsense' at U.S. News & World Report; this states, "Bastyr University [...] offering both graduate and undergraduate degrees, with a multidisciplinary curriculum in science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr's international faculty teaches the natural health sciences with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit and nature [...] we educate future leaders in natural health sciences that integrate mind, body, spirit and nature." There is a tremendous epistemic divide between the supernatural and the scientific.; one cannot simply subsume either into the other. Somewhere in all this language, amongst "mind, body, spirit, and nature" is naturopathy's autoentheistic purposeful life spirit essential defining commitment; another 'menace to the public understanding of science'; click to enlarge.
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(click here,
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Note on above two jpgs from bastyr.edu 2005, which state: "mission: we educate future leaders in natural health sciences that [sectically] integrate mind, body, spirit and nature [...] organizational values [...] integration [that is, their sectic blending {epistemic conflation}...of] mind-body-spirit."
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Note on above jpg, which states: "our mission: we educate future leaders in the natural health arts and sciences. Respecting the healing power of nature [their sectic 'purposeful life spirit'] and recognizing that body, mind and spirit are intrinsically inseparable [their sectic conflation of all things with the supernatural spiritistic], we model an integrated approach to education, research and clinical service [blending, blending, blending]."
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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v.02.b. Positively antiscience: UB naturopathy's destruction of scientific integrity {the destruction of the standards of science}:
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[destruction #01: UB's claim, per Fall 1998 {my first semester at UBCNM}, that 'the scientific' and the 'religious' are the same kind of knowledge:
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Note on above: jpg of the PP511 syllabus given to me at UBCNM; I was taught by Dr. Sensenig in 1998 that the scientific and the nonscientific are the same thing, as handed out, this states: "science [is] the new religion"; click to enlarge. But, science and religion are vastly / profoundly / patently different {see my quotation of Michael Shermer in slideshow 03 below}, and things that are profoundly different cannot be therein the same.]
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[destruction #02: UB's claim that all epistemic types / knowledge types are scientific and intersupporting:
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Note on the above: this former Dean of UBCNM during my time there {one amongst three, in about four years: Sensenig, Hobbs, Martin} -- Peter Martin, ND [UK] DO [UK] DC [US] -- on this archived 2004 page, in his 'Welcome', does not make reasonable / established epistemic distinctions {patent epistemic conflation} yet trades naturopathy on the overall 'science-label' {a patent epistemic distinction}; this jpg reads: "'Today, as we enter the 21st century, more and more people are seeking just such a system of health care - a system based on the presept [sp., precept] of Vis Medicatrix Naturae / Only Nature Heals, a system of health care respectful of, and one which works in concert with, Natural Law, a system of health care recognizing the synthesis of body, mind and spirit, and a system that embraces holism but yet is grounded in reductionist science, and practiced in an evidence-based environment. In short, it is a system known today as Naturopathic Medicine [...] todays [punct., today's] Naturopathic Physician serves on the front line of health care as a Primary Care Physician, practicing scientific medicine.' Note: Naturopathy is stated as vitalism-based, a blending of the natural and supernatural, all scientifically grounded & evidenced -- professional physician status 'scientific medicine.' Bullshit! Or the Nobel Committee missed this one!!!"; click to enlarge.
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(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(for requisite UK naturopathic vitalism, Martin is a UK naturopath and osteopath and a US chiropractor,
via their General Council and Register of Naturopaths, click here,
WHILE stating that naturopathy is a science, click here,
.
(for Naturopathic Medicine Council of Canada statements that naturopathy is scientific in Canada, click here,
WHILE, vitalism centered per the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors, click here,
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v.03. Medicine's actual professionals-level ethical-obligation centered around 'scientific integrity' [the scientific integrity naturopathy's 'epistemic conflation' agenda militantly annuls]:
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[Note, on the above jpg: this states, "medical professionalism [...] commitment to scientific knowledge. Maintenance of scientific integrity and standards"; click to enlarge.
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(for actual medicine's professional ethical obligation to scientific integrity, click here,
(for the Union of Concerned Scientists' paper on the importance of the integrity of science, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this paper's 'science as a way of knowing' section o1, click here,
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v.04. Etc.:
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[study on!
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(for further enlightenment, visit
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